Assessment of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder with African Americans

M. Williams, C. Wetterneck and B. Sawyer


Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a highly distressing disorder and one of the leading causes of disability worldwide. Research has shown that several self-report measures of OCD are not valid for use with ethnoracially diverse populations, therefore it is important that all OCD measures be validated cross-culturally. There has been particularly scant work in validating OCD measures in African Americans. Research to date indicates that several self-report measures (Padua Inventory and Maudsley Obsessional Compulsive Inventory) are not predictive of OCD in non-clinical samples of African Americans. However, the Obsessive Compulsive Inventory, Revised (OCI-R) is suitable in this population when employing a higher cut-off score. In addition, the clinician administered Yale-Brown Obsessive-Compulsive Scale (Y-BOCS) appears to be valid in African Americans. All other measures have not been validated in African Americans with and without OCD. To confidently identify clinically relevant symptoms, it is important to understand how OCD manifests in this population.

Reference: Guide to Psychological Assessment with African Americans (2014)