Discrimination and Symptoms of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder Among African Americans

M. Williams, R. Taylor, D. Mouzon, L. Oshin, J. Himle and L. Chatters


This study examined symptoms of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) in a nationally-representative sample of African American adults (n = 3,570), and correlations between OCD symptom dimensions and experiences of discrimination. Two categories of discrimination were examined, everyday racial discrimination and everyday non-racial discrimination (e.g., due to gender, age, and weight) to determine if racial discrimination had a unique impact on OCD symptoms. Results indicated that everyday racial discrimination was related to both categories of obsessions and all four categories of compulsions. Everyday non-racial discrimination, however, was not related to any of the categories of obsessions or compulsions. This indicates that racial discrimination is uniquely related to obsessions and compulsions for African Americans. The implications of these findings are discussed.


Reference: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry (2017)