Missed Diagnosis in African Americans with Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder: The SCID-I

G. Chasson, M. Williams, D. Davis and J. Combs

Abstract

Research on the utility of structured interviews in assessing OCD is scarce, and even more so, in its use for OCD in African Americans. The purpose of this study was to examine the utility of the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Axis I Disorders (SCID-I) in detecting OCD in African Americans when used by well-trained, culturally competent clinicians. Seventy-four African American adults with OCD were assessed with the SCID-I and additional measures of OCD. Results revealed the poor diagnostic utility of the SCID OCD section (SCID-OCD), with 66.2% (N = 49) correctly identified and 33.8% (N = 25) incorrectly diagnosed. Participants receiving the correct diagnosis were more likely to endorse compulsive behaviors, specifically ordering compulsions, and experience greater symptom severity. The lack of sensitivity for identification of OCD is discussed as the SCID-OCD seems to often miss a true diagnosis of OCD in African Americans.

 

Reference: BMC Psychiatry (2017)

 

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